业界在产品研发与合规工作时不可避免的需要参考遵循一些行业通行标准。这些标准文件为行业制定了一套通行高效的交流语言和精益规范化的工作流程,并对学术研究的推广交流以及后期产品化给予了极大的帮助。在机器人领域同样也有一些常用到的行业标准,这其中即有ISO这类国际通行标准,也有ASTM、VDI这类地区性标准,另外也包含ROS REP这类机器人开源平台的通行标准。

本列表整理了国际上常用的机器人标准。列表分类依据主要按照对于标准的需求划分,而非机器人系统的种类或标准的制定机构。由于我所涉猎的专业范围有限,其中未免有差错遗漏,欢迎交流与指正。

Category I. 术语公约

(*) 此类标准旨在制定机器人系统的通行术语与系统结构,对机器人系统已约定俗成的基本概念进行统一定义。

Name Description
ISO 8373-2012 Robots and robotic devices – Vocabulary
ISO 9787-2013 Robots and robotic devices – Coordinate systems and motion nomenciatures
ISO 19649-2017 Mobile robots – Vocabulary
ASTM F3200-2018 Standard Terminology for Driverless Automatic Guided Industrial Vehicles
VDI 2510-2005 Automated Guided Vehicle Systems (AGVS)
VDI 2510-3-2017 Automated guided vehicle systems (AGVS) Interfaces to infrastructure and peripherals
VDI 2710-3-2014 Applications of simulation for automated guided vehicle systems (AGVS)
VDI 4451-2-2000 Compatibility of Automated Guide Vehicle Systems (AGVS) Power supply and charging technology
VDI 4451-3-1998 Compatibility of automated guided vehicle systems (AGVS) Driving and steering motors
VDI 4451-4-1998 CompatIbility of automated guided vehicle systems (AGVS) Open control system for automated guided vehicles (AGV)
VDI 4451-5-2005 Compatibility of Automated Guided Vehicle Systems (AGVS) Interface between command initiator and AGVS control system
VDI 4451-6-2003 Compatibility of automated guided vehicle systems (AGVS) Sensor systems for navigation and control
VDI 4451-7-2005 Compatibility of Automated Guided Vehicle Systems (AGVS) AGVS guidance control system
REP 103 Standard Units of Measure and Coordinate Conventions
REP 105 Coordinate Frames for Mobile Platforms
REP 120 Coordinate Frames for Humanoid Robots

Category II. 性能评估

(*) 此类标准旨在为各类机器人系统提供性能评估方法上的实用性建议,为研发者提供最基础的可行性实验方法。

Name Description
ISO 9283-1998 Manipulating industrial robots – Performance criteria and related test methods
ISO 18646-1-2016 Robotics — Performance criteria and related test methods for service robots — Part 1 Locomotion for wheeled robots
ISO 18646-2-2019 Robotics — Performance criteria and related test methods for service robots — Part 2 Navigation
ASTM F3218-2017 Standard Practice for Recording Environmental Effects for Utilization with A-UGV Test Methods
ASTM F3244-2017 Standard Test Method for Navigation Defined Area ASTM F3327-2018 Standard Practice for Recording the A-UGV Test Configuration
ASTM International Autonomous Industrial Vehicles From the Laboratory to the Factory Floor
NISTIR 8168 Guideline for Automatic Guided Vehicle Calibration
VDI 2710-1-2007 Interdisciplinary design of automated guided vehicle systems (AGVS) — Decision criteria for the choice of a conveyor system
VDI 2710-2-2008 AGVS check list Planning support for operators and manufacturers of automated guided vehicle-systems (AGVS)
VDI 2710-4-2011 Evaluation of economic efficiency of Automated Guided Vehicles Systems (AGVS)
VDI 2710-5-2013 Acceptance specification for automated guided vehicle systems (AGVS)

Category III. 系统安全

(*) 此类标准旨在为各类机器人系统需要满足的最基本安全性功能提供强制性规范,其中也包含对于安全性功能性能测验的实用性方法。

Name Description
ISO 10218-1-2011 Robots and robotic devices – Safety requirements for industrial robots — Part 1 Robots
ISO 10218-2-2011 Robots and robotic devices – Safety requirements for industrial robots — Part 2 Robot systems and integration
ISO 13482-2014 Robots and robotic devices – Safety requirements for personal care robots
ISO/TR 20218-1-2018 Robotics — Safety design for industrial robot systems — Part 1 End-effectors
ISO/TR 20218-2-2018 Robotics — Safety design for industrial robot systems — Part 2 Manual load unload stations
ISO/TR 23482-1-2019 Robotics — Application of ISO 13482 — Part 1 Safety-related test methods
ISO/TR 23482-2-2019 Robotics — Application of ISO 13482 — Part 2 Application guidelines
ISO/TS 15066-2016 Robots and robotic devices — Collaborative robots
BS-EN 1525-1998 Safety of industrial trucks Driverless trucks and their systems
ISO 3691-4-2019 Industrial trucks – Safety requirements and verification — Part 4 Driverless industrial trucks and their systems
ANSI B56.5-2012 Safety Standard For Driverless Automatic Guided Industrial Vehicles And Automated Functions Of Manned Industrial Vehicles
VDI 2510-2-2013 Automated guided vehicle systems (AGVS) — Safety of AGVS


>> 本文章版权归作者所有,如需转载请联系作者授权许可。
>> 原文来自: 云飞机器人实验室
>> 原文地址: 机器人领域行业标准汇总


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